What is HIV infection?HIV/AIDS or human immunodefficiency virus the word itself is so frightening. Millions of individuals are affected and died due to this disease. There is no cure or vaccine has been invented so far and therefore prevention is the only option we all have. To prevent HIV infection one should be aware about the spreading methods of the infection. HIV /AIDS is one of the most dreadful and faster spreading sexually transmitted disease. This contagious disease has taken up millions of lives and hence prevention has become the prime importance. HIV infection is spreading at a tremendous speed because of the negligence about the disease, lack of knowledge about it and most important is the lack of awareness. In advances and developing countries spreading of the disease is slow yet need to be controlled fully. But in undeveloped countries HIV infection is spreading at a faster rate.
Preventing HIV infectionPrevention is better than cure and in the case of HIV/AIDS this is sent percent true. One can surely prevent this disease and can save his/her life. There are many ways by which HIV infection can be prevented. Generally the HIV virus lives in the infected person’s body fluids, blood, semen and vaginal fluids and from there it can enter in to the healthy person’s body.
• Sexual contact with the infected person is the most common reason for the increase in the HIV infected persons. Anal, vaginal or oral any kind of sexual activity leads to spread the HIV infection from the infected person to the healthy one.
• Using syringes or needles that are infected with HIV sufferer’s blood is also the prime cause of HIV infection.
• HIV infected mother can pass the infection to her baby during pregnancy, child birth or via breastfeeding. To prevent his doctor advised mother to start antiretroviral therapy. With the help of these medications baby’s life can be saved from HIV infection.