SymptomsMigraine headache has a very distinct symptoms and that is pain that last for a longer time and occurs only in half of the head. It is a chronic condition with recurrent attacks of headache. The pain associated with migraine headache is usually pounding, throbbing and occurs at one temple only. Sometimes the pain may occur at forehead, at the back of the head or around the eye. Sometimes the headache pain can be felt on both the temples. If the pain occurs at left temple, most probably in the next attack it occurs at right temple. Apart from the headache, other symptoms of migraine headaches include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, facial pallor, cold hands and feet, sensitivity to light and sound especially when one is going through a migraine attack. According to a research, almost 40 to 60% of migraine headaches show warning symptoms that occurs before the attack. These include sleepiness, craving for sweet or salty food, fatigue, irritability, depression, yawning etc. Almost 20% of migraine headache are associated with a condition known as “aura” which is described as flashing of brightly colored lights in front of the eyes.
TriggersMigraine headaches causes due to enlargement of the blood vessels but there are some factors or triggers present in our surrounding that contributes in the migraine attacks. Following are list of the triggers or factors that contributes developing migraine headache or makes it worse if someone is already suffering from the attack.
a) Alcoholic Beverages
b) Food containing caffeine, nitrate
c) Bright shiny light from the chrome or window that dazzles the eyes
f) Environmental factors
g) Lack of sleep
h) Some medicines
i) Hormonal changes in women
These are the commonly seen triggers but some may get triggered by other things too like diesel smell and even chocolate. Some may get affected by these trigger and some may not.