An ear infection is an infestation in the ear, caused by either bacteria or by virus. The adult ear infection and the inner ear infection are other names by which it is called. The scientific name is otitis media. Most commonly are infections of the outer ear or the ear canal called otitis externa, and the middle ear and ear drum, called otitis media. Of the two, otitis media is the more serious and the one most often referred to when your doctor diagnoses an "ear infection." There is a small tube, called the eustachian tube, which connects the middle ear and the throat. Its purpose is twofold. One is to open and close to allow fluid produced in the ear to drain out and into the throat and prevent other fluids from backing up into the ear. Its second function is also to open and close for the purpose of normalizing air pressure. When we travel to a higher altitude and our ears "clog." Ear infections may develop when the eustachian tube does not open and close properly, allowing germ-laden fluids from the throat, along with secretions produced in the nose, to back up into the middle ear and not drain out. Colds and allergies may produce inflammation in the area and can be another cause for the eustachian tube to not function properly. As the immune system does its job to fight the infection, dead bacteria and white blood cells form pus which puts pressure on the eardrum as it builds up.
An ear infection may be caused by one or a combination of the following factors. Within the ear are tiny bones which help translate sound waves to the brain. The sound waves travel to these bones through the Eustachian tube, which in children is placed in more of a level position. When liquid is introduced to the ear through swimming or bathing, and if the liquid is not cleaned out by a swab, it may linger there and allow bacteria to fester. Though the Eustachian tube is more slanted in adults, similar infestation may occur if water is not cleared. Even without water, ear wax may build up, also leaving the ear open to bacterial infestation. Ear wax build up should be cleared regularly, especially because viruses may speed up the possibility of infection. Once you get to know the exact cause of the ear infections it is easy to treat them.
The exact cause of the infection helps to get right treatment. The treatment aim for the reduction of the symptoms. There are many ear infections symptoms to be aware of. Feeling pressure in the ear, or even an earache, is indicative of the general build up of fluid or pus in the infected area. The infection may cause dizziness, nausea, or a feeling of fatigue. Headaches, ringing, hearing loss, and ear drainage may also develop. Often, as symptoms grow more severe, blurry vision, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. These symptoms are more prevalent in children, who suffer an ear infection four times as often as adults do. These ear infections symptoms are very annoying and need medical attention as you cannot do your daily work with it. Thus medicine which cans help to reduce the symptoms is most beneficial.
Most of the times doctor suggest an ear infections medications to treat ear infections symptoms. An ear drop is a liquid form of a medicine which is easy to use and effectively reduces symptoms like pain and feeling of pressure due to infection. The most commonly used ear infections medications is generic ciprodex. It is made of two types of medicines, ciprofloxacin and dexamethasone. Both medicine works by their specific action of mechanism to give the desired results. Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic while dexamethasone is an anti-inflammatory corticosteroid class of drug. Ciprofloxacin works by suppressing DNA gyrase which is necessary for the separation of the DNA. Generic Ciprodex (Ciprofloxacin & Dexamethasone) suppresses the cell division and ultimately stops the growth of bacteria. Dexamethasone has an anti-inflammatory property which gives relief from inflammation caused by the bacterial infection. Thus this ear infections medication helps to reduce the ear infections symptoms.