Friday, November 26, 2010

Bronchitis Causes-Symptoms-Treatment

The human respiratory system consists of the lungs, airways, diaphragm, windpipe, throat, mouth and nasal passages. Respiratory system is one of the important organ system as it helps us to breath in oxygen which is essential for the energy production. The lungs are made up of lobes. The right lung has three lobes and the left lung has two lobes. The left lung is smaller than the right lung to make space for the heart.

The air taken inside by the nasal passages enters into the lungs by smaller branches of the windpipe which are called as airways. This air is then carried into the “alveolar sacs” which contains thin walled air pouches known as “alveoli” which are the tiny units of lung tissues. Our lung does a very important job of breathing almost for 23000 times and it takes almost 10000 quarts of air inside. The oxygen we take inside gets mixed up into the blood stream and carried to the various tissues where it is used for energy production. The carbon dioxide gas is expelled out by lungs.

Though sometimes this process may get disturbed by the inflammation of the airways which is caused by the bacterial or viral infection or may be by smoking or breathing in a certain chemical filled environment. On the inner lining of the airways, tiny hairs (cilia) are present which trap and remove foreign particles stop working. Currently there is no treatment which can cure chronic bronchitis.

The symptoms of bronchitis are wheezing, coughing and difficulty breathing. The cough may contain sputum because of the secretion of the bronchial cells and may be in yellow or green color and sometimes it contains blood too depends on the severity of the chronic bronchitis. Some antibiotics are helpful to get relief from the inflammation. These include Ampicillin, Azithromycin, and Amoxicillin which works wonder to treat contagious chronic bronchitis and helps to get comfort from it.

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