Thursday, October 28, 2010

Acid Reflux Disease Ulcer Treatment

Gastrointestinal reflux Disease (GERD) is commonly known as acid reflux disease. It is the condition where the liquid content of the stomach get refluxed into the esophagus. The risen liquid can inflame and damage the lining of the esophagus. GERD usually happens because the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) - a muscular valve where the esophagus joins the stomach – opens at the wrong time or does not close properly. Stomach produces acid to digest the food and this acid get refluxed to the esophagus in GERD.

What causes GERD is complex but there are some factors that contribute to GERD. These factors are the lower esophageal sphincter, esophageal contractions and emptying of the stomach. The symptoms of uncomplicated GERD are heartburn, regurgitation and nausea. The complication of GERD is “ulcers”. The main factors which are responsible for the formation of ulcer are stomach acid and pepsin in the stomach, smoking, caffeine, alcohol, stress and the primary cause is the bacterium helicobacter pylori (H.pylori).
The acid produce by the stomach that refluxes into the esophagus damages the lining of the esophagus. If the damage goes deeply into the esophagus, it results into an ulcer.  There are three types of ulcers. When the ulcer is present in the lining of the stomach where hydrochloric acid (stomach acid) and pepsin are present then it is called as peptic ulcer. When the ulcer is present in the stomach it is referred as gastric ulcer and in the duodenum it is called as duodenal ulcer.
Ulcer can produce complications like bleeding inside the stomach, perforation- an ulcer forms a hole in the stomach or duodenum and bacteria and partially digested food get spill into the stomach cavity. An ulcer can also cause the narrowing or closing of intestinal opening and causes obstruction to food from leaving stomach and results in the vomiting.
The simplest treatment available for GERD is change in the eating habits. Antacids are useful as they reduce the acid in the stomach. Histamine antagonists are also used to treat GERD. An ulcer treatment includes combination of antacid with Histamine antagonists along with antibiotics. Changing your life style is the easiest way to treat and prevent ulcers. Avoiding meals that irritates your stomach and avoiding smoking and drinking is the best remedy for ulcer.

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